The EU General Safety Regulation (GSR)

With a focus on Driver Monitoring Systems

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Unveiling a paramount concern for road safety, the EU General Safety Regulations (GSR) represent a critical step towards reducing the number of traffic accidents and fatalities on our roads. This article sheds light on the significance of Driver Monitoring Systems (DMS) as an integral part of GSR, aiming to make driving safer for everyone. By implementing these cutting-edge technologies, the objective is to significantly diminish road accidents and save lives by the year 2030.


What is the EU General Safety Regulation (GSR) and why is it important?

The EU General Safety Regulation (GSR) is a regulation that sets minimum safety standards for motor vehicles and their trailers in the European Union. It was adopted in November 2019 and applies to new vehicle types from July 6, 2022 and to all new vehicles from July 7, 2024. Its primary aim is to encourage the adoption of life-saving technologies that protect the occupants of the vehicle, pedestrians and cyclists and mitigate human error, which causes 90% of accidents on European roads.

The GSR introduces a number of new mandatory safety features for buses and trucks, including:

  • Emergency stop signal: A flashing light that indicates to other road users behind the vehicle that the vehicle is suddenly slowing down or braking heavily.
  • Reversing information: Camera and/or sensor technology that shows the driver if there are objects or people behind the vehicle when they are reversing.
  • Tyre pressure monitoring system: A system that monitors the tyre pressure and reports it in real time to the driver.
  • Moving off information system: Warns the driver of a potential collision with pedestrians and cyclists that are in the proximity of forward blind spot of the vehicle.
  • Blind spot information system: Warns the driver of a possible collision with vulnerable road users at the vehicle, especially when making turns. It’s active at low speed.
  • Alcohol interlock installation facilitation: A standardised interface that allows the fitting of aftermarket breathalyser interlock devices, preventing drivers who are over the drink-driving limit from driving the vehicle.
  • Drowsiness and inattention detection and warning: A safety warning system that detects driver fatigue and distraction and warns the driver in real-time.
  • Intelligent speed assistance: The system actively monitors the vehicle’s speed by using cameras and GPS-linked map databases and warns the driver from exceeding the speed limit.


The GSR also sets new requirements for the design and construction of vehicles, such as the use of stronger materials and the installation of crumple zones.

The GSR is expected to save over 25,000 lives and avoid at least 140,000 serious injuries by 2038. It is also expected to reduce the number of road accidents by 30%.

This regulation is a significant step forward in the development of road safety in the European Union. It is a clear demonstration of the EU’s commitment to reducing the number of road deaths and injuries.

Here are some of the benefits of the EU General Safety Regulation:

  • It will help to reduce the number of road accidents and fatalities.
  • It will improve the safety of vehicles for passengers, pedestrians, and cyclists.
  • It will make vehicles more resistant to damage in the event of an accident.
  • It will help to reduce the environmental impact of road transport.


Enhancing Road Safety with Driver Monitoring Systems:

Are you aware that road accidents continue to claim thousands of lives every year? To counter this alarming trend, governments worldwide are increasingly turning to technology-driven solutions. As part of this effort, the General Safety Regulations (GSR) have emerged, placing an emphasis on equipping vehicles with advanced Driver Monitoring Systems (DMS).


The Significance of Driver Monitoring Systems:

Driver Monitoring Systems (DMS) serve as a pivotal safety mechanism within the GSR framework. These intelligent systems utilise advanced sensors and cameras to assess the driver’s attentiveness and overall state during the entire journey. By continuously monitoring the driver’s behaviour, DMS can promptly detect signs of fatigue, distraction, or impairment, alerting the driver and mitigating potential hazards.


Key Features and Functionality of DMS:

A sophisticated DMS functions through a combination of cutting-edge technologies, including facial recognition, eye tracking, and gesture detection. These features work harmoniously to ascertain whether the driver is maintaining focus on the road and exhibiting safe driving practices. If the system detects any signs of drowsiness or distraction, it will issue real-time alerts, prompting the driver to take appropriate action.


Do vehicles older than July 2024 need to fit the safety features?

No, vehicles older than July 2024 do not need to fit the safety equipment included in the new EU General Safety Regulation (GSR). The GSR only applies to new vehicles registered after July 6, 2022.

However, there are some exceptions to this rule. For example, if a vehicle is being modified or upgraded, the new safety equipment may be required. Additionally, some countries may have their own regulations that require older vehicles to be fitted with certain safety equipment.


Promoting Road Safety Beyond 2030:

As governments worldwide strive to reduce the number of traffic accidents and fatalities, the integration of DMS in vehicles plays a crucial role in achieving this mission. By the year 2030, the aim is to significantly reduce road accidents and make driving safer for all road users. The collective efforts of policymakers, automakers, and technology developers are expected to pave the way for a future with fewer tragic incidents on the roads.



The General Safety Regulations (GSR) mark a pivotal milestone in prioritising road safety. As part of GSR, Driver Monitoring Systems (DMS) play a crucial role in mitigating road accidents by enhancing driver attentiveness and safety. By embracing these life-saving technologies, we are paving the way for a safer and more secure driving experience, ultimately saving countless lives by the year 2030 and beyond.